Revista de la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Sede México

Calidad del gobierno, victimización delictiva y participación política particularista en América Latina

Alejandra Armesto

Resumen


La literatura acerca de los efectos de la victimización sobre la participación política se ha concentrado en la participación cívica, partidista y electoral, pero ha ignorado las formas particularistas. En contextos de baja imparcialidad y alta corrupción de las instituciones del Estado, las víctimas tienen incentivos para recurrir al contacto directo con funcionarios públicos para acceder a la justicia y a servicios sociales. En este artículo se analizan datos de encuestas nacionales recogidos en 2012 en dieciocho países de América Latina por el Barómetro de las Américas, y se muestra una relación positiva entre victimización y participación política particularistas, la cual es moderada por la imparcialidad de las instituciones del Estado.


Palabras clave


Victimización delictiva; calidad del gobierno; participación política particularista; México; América Latina; modelos jerárquicos lineales.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Agnafors, M. (2013). Quality of Government: Toward a More Complex Definition. American Political Science Review, 107(3), 433-445.

Anderson, Ch. J. & Tverdova, Y. V. (2003). Corruption, Political Allegiances, and Attitudes Toward Government in Contemporary Democracies. American Journal of Political Science, 47(1), 91-109.

Bastian, B., Jetten, J. & Ferris, L. J. (2014). Pain as Social Glue: Shared Pain Increases Cooperation. Psychological Science, 25(11), 2079-2085.

Bateson, R. (2012). Crime victimization and political participation. American Political Science Review, 106(3), 570-587.

Bellows, J. & Miguel, E. (2009). War and Local Collective Action in Sierra Leone. Journal of Public Economics, 93(11-12), 1144-1157.

Buehler, M. (2016). Do You Have “Connections” at the Courthouse? An Original Survey on Informal Influence and Judicial Rulings in Morocco. Political Research Quarterly, 69(4), 760-772.

Blanco, L. R. (2013). The impact of crime on trust in institutions in Mexico. European Journal of Political Economy, 32, 38-55.

Blattman, Ch. (2009). From Violence to Voting: War and Political Participation in Uganda. American Political Science Review, 103(2), 231-247.

Booth, J. A. & Seligson, M. A. (2009). The Legitimacy Puzzle in Latin America. Political Support and Democracy in Eight Nations. Nueva York: Cambridge University Press.

Bowler, S. & Karp, J. A. (2004). Politicians, scandals, and trust in government. Political Behavior, 26(3), 271-287.

Bubbico, A., Elkink, J. & Martin, O. (2017). Quality of government and regional competition: A spatial analysis of subnational regions in the European Union. European Journal of Political Research, 56, 887-911.

Carreras, M. (2013). The Impact of Criminal Violence on Regime legitimacy in Latin America. Latin American Research Review, 48(3), 85-107.

Cassar, A., Grosjean, P. & Whitt, S. (2013). Legacies of violence: trust and market development. Journal of Economic Growth, 18(3), 285-318.

Corbacho, A., Philipp, J. & Ruiz-Vega, M. (2015). Crime and Erosion of Trust: Evidence for Latin America. World Development, 70, 440-415.

Chang, E. C. C. & Chu, Y.-H. (2006). Corruption and trust: Exceptionalism in Asian democracies? Journal of Politics, 68(2), 259-271.

Charron, N. (2016). Explaining the allocation of regional Structural Funds: The conditional effect of governance and self-rule. European Union Politics, 17(4), 638-659.

Charron, N. & Lapuente, V. (2013). Why Do Some Regions in Europe Have a Higher Quality of Government? The Journal of Politics, 75(3), 567-582.

Chong, A., De la O, A. L., Karlan, D. & Wantchekon, L. (2015). Does Corruption Information Inspire the Fight or Quash the Hope? A Field Experiment in Mexico on Voter Turnout, Choice, and Party Identification, Journal of Politics, 77(1), 55-71.

Dahlberg, S., Holmberg, S., Rothstein, B., Khomenko, A. & Svensson, R. (2016). The Quality of Government Basic Dataset, version Jan16.

Dahlberg, S. & Holmberg, S. (2014). Democracy and bureaucracy: How their quality matters for popular satisfaction, West European Politics, 37(3), 515-537.

Dahlberg, S. & Linde, J. (2016). Losing happily? The mitigating effect of democracy and the quality of government on the winner-loser gap in political support. International Journal of Public Administration, 39(9), 652-664.

Dahlberg, S., Linde, J. & Holmberg, S. (2015). Democratic discontent in old and new democracies: assessing the importance of democratic input and governmental output. Political Studies, 63(1), 18-37.

Dahlberg, S. & Solevid, M. (2016). Does corruption suppress voter turnout? Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 26(4), 489-510.

De Luca, G. & Verpooten, M. (2015). Civil War and Political Participation: Evidence from Uganda. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 64(1), 113-141.

Fernandez, K. E. & Kuenzi, M. (2010). Crime and Support for Democracy in Africa and Latin America, Political Studies, 58(3), 450-471.

Gilligan, M. J., Pasquale, B. J. & Samii, C. (2014). Civil War and Social Cohesion: Lab-in-the-Field Evidence from Nepal. American Journal of Political Science, 58(3), 604-619.

Graeff, P. y Svendsen, G. T. (2013). Trust and corruption: The influence of positive and negative social capital on the economic development in the European Union. Quality & Quantity, 47(5), 2829-2846.

Herreros, F. & Criado, H. (2008). The State and the Development of Social Trust. International Political Science Review, 29(1), 53-71.

Holmberg, S. & Rothstein, B. (2012). Good Government. The Relevance of Political Science, Northampton: Edward Elgar.

Inoguchi, T. (2002). Broadening the basis of social capital in Japan. En R. Putnam (Ed.), Democracies in flux: The evolution of social capital in contemporary society (pp. 359-392). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jennings, M. K. (1999). Political Responses to Pain and Loss: Presidential Address, American Political Science Association, 1998. American Political Science Review, 93(1), 1-13.

Jennings, M. K. & Andersen, E. A. (1996). Support for Confrontational Tactics among AIDS Activists: A Study of Intra-movement Divisions. American Journal of Political Science, 40(2), 311-334.

Linde, J. (2012). Why feed the hand that bites you? Perceptions of procedural fairness and system support in post-communist democracies. European Journal of Political Research, 51(3), 410-434.

Linde, J. & Erlingsson, G. (2013). The Eroding Effect of Corruption on System Support in Sweden. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 26(4), 585-603.

Miles, M. R. (2015). Turnout as Consent: How Fair Governance Encourages Voter Participation. Political Research Quarterly, 68(2), 363-376.

Morris, S. D. & Klesner, J. L. (2010). Corruption and Trust: Theoretical Considerations and Evidence from Mexico. Comparative Political Studies, 43(10), 1258-1285.

Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2006). Corruption: Diagnosis and Treatment. Journal of Democracy, 17(3), 86-99.

Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone. The collapse and revival of American community. Nueva York: Simon & Schuster.

Raudenbush, S. W. & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical Linear Models. Newbury Park, California: Sage.

Richey, S. (2010). The Impact of Corruption on Social Trust. American Politics Research, 38(4), 676-690.

Rose, R. & Shin, D. (2001). Democratization Backwards: The Problem of Third-Wave Democracies. British Journal of Political Science, 31(2), 331-354.

Rothstein, B. (2011). The Quality of Government: Corruption, Social Trust, and Inequality in International Perspective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rothstein, B. & Stolle, D. (2008). The State and Social Capital: An Institutional Theory of Generalized Trust. Comparative Politics, 40(4), 441-459.

Rothstein, B. & Teorell, J. (2008). What Is Quality of Government? A Theory of Impartial Government Institutions. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 21(2), 165-190.

Rothstein, B. & Uslaner, E. M. (2005). All for All: Equality, Corruption, and Social Trust. World Politics, 58(1), 41-72.

Rothstein, B. & Stolle, D. (2003). Social capital, impartiality and the welfare state: An institutional approach. En M. Hooghe & D. Stolle (Eds.), Generating social capital (pp. 191-209). Nueva York: Palgrave.

Seligson, M. (2002). The Impact of Corruption on Regime Legitimacy: A Comparative Study of Four Latin American Countries. Journal of Politics, 64(2), 408-433.

Sparling, R. A. (2018). Impartiality and the Definition of Corruption. Political Studies, 66(2), 376-391.

Snijders, T. A. B. & Bosker, R. J. (1999). Multilevel Analysis: An Introduction to Basic and Advanced Multilevel Modeling. Londres: Sage.

Stockemer, D., LaMontagne, B. & Scruggs, L. (2013). Bribes and ballots: The impact of corruption on voter turnout in democracies. International Political Science Review, 34(1), 74-90.

Sundström, A. & Stockemer, D. (2015). Regional variation in voter turnout in Europe: The impact of corruption perceptions. Electoral Studies, 40, 158-169.

Svallfords, S. (2013). Government quality, egalitarianism, and attitudes to taxes and social spending: a European comparison. European Political Science Review, 5(3), 363-380.

Tao, R., Yang, D. L., Li, M. & Lu, X. (2014). How does political trust affect social trust? An analysis of survey data from rural China using an instrumental variables approach. International Political Science Review, 35(2), 237-253.

Trelles, A. & Carreras, M. (2012). Bullets and Votes: Violence and Electoral Participation in Mexico. Journal of Politics in Latin America, 4(2), 89-123.

UNDP. (2010). Manual on Victimization Surveys. Ginebra: UNDP.

UNODC. (2014). Global Study on Homicide. Trends, Context, Data. Viena: UNODC.

Uslaner, E. M. (2008). Corruption, Inequality, and the Rule of Law. The Bulging Pocket Makes the Easy Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Voors, M. J., Nillesen, E. E. M., Verwimp, P., Bulte, E. H., Lensink, R. & Soest, D. P. van. (2012). Violent Conflict and Behavior: A Field Experiment in Burundi. American Economic Review, 102(2), 941-964.

Waller, I. (2010). Rights for Victims of Crime: Rebalancing Justice. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

You, J. (2012). Social Trust: Fairness Matters More Than Homogeneity. Political Psychology, 33(5), 701-721.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18504/pl2753-004-2019

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


El contenido de los textos es responsabilidad de los autores y no refleja forzosamente el punto de vista de los dictaminadores o de los miembros del comité editorial de la revista. Se autoriza la reproducción de la revista (no así de las imágenes) con la condición de citar la fuente exacta y de respetar los derechos de autor.